What is Governed in Cities?

What is Governed in Cities: Residential Investment Landscapes and the Governance and Regulation of Housing Production. This project examines the relationships between contemporary investment flows into the housing markets of major European cities and the arrangements and public policy instruments that are designed to govern them.

Most recent blog posts

Changing actors and investment landscapes of the property industry

Eleven students completed their master thesis in a WHIG-related thesis project group at the University of Amsterdam.

Towards an understanding of the role of debt

Given our focus on investment into residential real estate, an essential dimension is understanding how housing fits more broadly within the...

Community Led Regeneration: the London Case

UCL has a long-standing relationship with Just Space, an umbrella organisation for community groups across London. Whilst the WHIG project is not...

Hamlet Without the Prince

Hamlet Without the Prince or Why We Need More Research on How Private Sector Actors See the World.I recently gave a paper in the Department of Urban...

Towards some clarification on financialisation?

Existing debates on ‘financialization’ in urban studies, and beyond, are intense. Given the nature of the WHIG project, we will inevitably be...

Research Objectives


Document and describe the key public and private actors involved in the production of housing, and offer a thorough comparative picture of the scale, origin, and nature of international and national private investment flows into residential property.


Evaluate the impacts of new investment landscapes on the governance of the residential built environment through case-studies of major urban development projects, to identify who ‘governs’ and what is governed and with what effects.


Critically assess and compare the formal and informal regulatory structures, governance processes and policy instruments that shape the production of housing.


Examine and compare how power is exercised and enacted in the production of housing and what patterns of conflict and consensus exist between market, state, and civil society actors.


Assess the social and economic impacts of regulation and investment on the production of new residential built environments.


Recent tweets